Prachi Chourey

Gizza the amazing Pyramids

Posted on: October 15, 2012


Some of the world’s best known pyramids are located at Giza.

The pyramids of Egypt are among the world’s great archaeological treasures; one is among the seven wonders of the ancient world. Ancient Egyptians built pyramids to honor, or sometimes entomb, pharaohs and other royalty. Because Egypt is largely desert, much of ancient Egyptian civilization arose in the Nile River valley. Many of the best known pyramids still cast their shadows over the river.

Giza

The pyramid complex at Giza, which is just across the Nile from the capital city of Cairo, is the most iconic of Egypt. The Great Pyramid of Cheops, or Khufu, is the only surviving wonder of the ancient world; the other six have all succumbed to time and human development. The Great Pyramid is guarded by the Sphinx and surrounded by several lesser pyramids from other dynasties, including those of Chefren and Mycerinus, rendering the Giza complex one of the most important areas in Egyptology.

Saqqara

The Saqqara necropolises, near the ancient capital of Memphis on the Nile’s west bank just south of Cairo, boast Egypt’s oldest pyramids. The oldest, and best known, is the step pyramid of Djoser. Constructed more like a Babylonian ziggurat or Mayan pyramid, Djoser’s monument was built with a pattern of visible steps that later Egyptian builder’s eventually learned to “smooth” out. In addition to the pyramids, which sheltered pharaohs and their queens as they passed into the afterlife, some of Egypt’s oldest known tombs were discovered at Saqqara.

Fayoum Region

The Fayoum Region, south of Cairo, boasts a considerable number of pyramids and tombs but none are organized into a cohesive field. The disparate necropolises of the Fayoum oasis are stretched along the banks of the Nile, near Lisht and Maidum, and more inland closer to Lahun and Hawara. Along the Nile, the pyramids of Amenemhet I and Senusret I are located outside of Lisht, while Snefru’s tomb is situated at Maidum. Fayoum is also known for having what is believed to be the only obelisk in Egypt with a rounded top. The spire was once topped with a golden statue of the sun god, Ra.

Dahshur

Located in the southernmost part of ancient Memphis, below Giza and Saqqara, the Dahshur necropolis continues where the builders of Saqqara left off. Huni, a pharaoh of the third dynasty, constructed one of the earliest true pyramids on the base of a step pyramid. Huni’s son, Pharaoh Snofru, completed his own step pyramid, then utilized the knowledge he gained from the process to build Egypt’s first pyramid that did not begin with a step pyramid base. At some point during construction, the building stresses became too great, and the builder had to reduce the acuteness of the pyramid’s sides to prevent it from toppling. The result was a “bent” appearance in the structure’s profile. The Bent Pyramid of Snofru is not only one of the first attempts at a true pyramid in Egypt but also the most distinctive structure at Dahshur.

About the Author

Trent Jennings accepted his first freelance assignment in 1988 from “The Minnesota Daily” and has been writing professionally ever since, primarily as a copywriter. He has experience in advertising, entrepreneurship and as an attorney. Jennings has a Bachelor of Arts in English writing from the University of Minnesota and a Juris Doctor from Hamline University.

Photo Credits

  • John foxx/stockbyte/getty images

Source : http://traveltips.usatoday.com

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Prachi Chourey

Prachi Chourey

This is my first blog. Would like to blog about anything I like to share.. Some thoughts, something nice to share, recipes, upcoming events or like anything.. My latest Hobby is Cake Decoration and something more about it.. Prachi Chourey

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